When learning a new language, the best way to begin is by learning the vocabulary words that native speakers use the most. When you want to learn Vietnamese, you should begin with the most common verbs in Vietnamese. Let’s explore those verbs with Jellyfish in this article!

1. What are Vietnamese verbs?

Verbs in Vietnamese are used to talk about the actions of people and animals. They are considered as one of the indispensable parts to make up a complete sentence, even the simplest ones.

However, unlike other languages, you won’t need Vietnamese verb conjugation. That is, the verb will not change regardless of the pronoun or the tense of the sentence.


  • I eat cake -> Tôi ăn bánh
  • He eats cake -> Anh ấy ăn bánh
  • We eat cake -> Chúng tôi ăn bánh

verbs in Vietnamese

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2. Some common verbs in Vietnamese

Vietnamese English Example
Là (used to introduce someone’s profession, work)

Note: When you want to describe someone or something, you don’t need to use the word “is”.

-> Cô ấy đẹp (She is beautiful)

To be (Am/ Is/ Are/ Was/ Were)
  • Tôi học sinh (I am a student)
  • Anh ấy bác sĩ (He is a doctor)

Ở (used to talk about someone’s location)

To be in/at a location; to stay
  • Mình Việt Nam (I am in Vietnam)
  • Mình nhà (I am stay at home)
Có  To have
  • Mình một quyển sách và 1 cái bút (I have a book and a pen)
  • Nhà tôi 5 người (My family has 5 people)
Thích To like
  • Anh ấy không thích đồ ngọt (He doesn’t like sweet stuff)
  • Tôi thích đi du lịch (I like travelling)
Làm (this word can have many meanings) To do; to work; to make
  • Bạn đang làm gì vậy? (What are you doing?)
  • Cô ấy thường làm đồ ăn cho gia đình (She often makes food for her family
  • Bạn làm việc ở đâu (Where do you work?)
Biết To know Mình không biết chỗ đó (I don’t know that place)
Nói To speak/ To say Mình biết nói một ít tiếng Nhật (I know how to speak a little Japanese)
Nghe To hear/ To listen Mình không nghe rõ (I didn’t hear clearly)
Hiểu To understand Mình không hiểu bài giảng hôm nay (I don’t understand today’s lesson)
Đi To go Tuần sau mình sẽ đi Nhật Bản (Next week I’ll go to Japan)
Ăn To eat Em trai tôi không ăn được cay (My brother can’t eat spicy things)
Uống To drink Anh ấy không thích uống rượu (He doesn’t like drinking alcohol)
Lấy To take/ To get
  • Mình sẽ lấy cái này (I’ll take this one)
  • Lấy giúp mình cái ghế với (Get me a chair, please)
Nghĩ To think Tôi nghĩ chiều nay trời sẽ mưa (I think it’s about to rain this afternoon)
Tới/ Đến To come to/ To arrive Anh ấy sẽ tới Việt Nam vào tháng sau (He’ll come to Vietnam next month)
Muốn To want Tôi muốn trở thành bác sĩ trong tương lai (I want to become a doctor in the future)
Mua To buy Mẹ tôi thích mua hoa quả ở chợ (My mother like buying fruits in the market)
Bán To sell Cửa hàng này bán quần áo cho nữ (This store sells women clothing)
Dùng To take/ To use Cái này dùng để làm gì? (This one is used to do what?)
Cho To give/ To take/ To put Anh trai cho tôi 2 vé xem phim (My brother gave me 2 movie tickets)
Hỏi To ask Anh ấy hỏi ý kiến Sếp trước khi làm việc (He asked boss’s opinion before he works)
Nhìn To look at Tôi nhìn quyển sách một lúc lâu (I looked at the book for a long time)

See more about: All about lunar new year in Vietnam

In today’s article, Jellyfish has synthesized the simplest and most common verbs in Vietnamese along with examples that you can use in everyday conversations, especially suitable for new Vietnamese learners. Learning Vietnamese with different topics will help you easily practice and memorize vocabulary. Regular practice is the most effective, especially when you’re learning a new language!

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